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Depression

Depression is a common mood disorder that affects more that 264 million people globally. It can be described as a persistent feeling of sadness, loss of interest, hollowness, anger and interferes with one’s daily life activities. Depression is not as simple as feeling sad that one can snap out of. It can be moderate, severe and long lasting in nature and negatively affects one’s behaviour and lifestyle. It can lower productivity rates and lead to poor chronic health conditions. Depression is a major cause of suicide as well. A majority of the population do not seek help in such instances due to social stigmas and lack of proper mental health care facilities. Treatment and proper assistance can help cope with depression, therefore one should not get discouraged not hesitate to reach out for help.


Common Symptoms:


  • Feelings of hopelessness or loss of optimism

  • Feelings of sadness anxiousness or hollowness

  • Loss/ increase in appetite

  • Difficulty sleeping or concentrating or oversleeping

  • Loss of sexual desire

  • Loss of interest in activities which were previously enjoyable

  • Deteriorating physical well being

  • Digestive problems, fatigue, headaches

  • Delayed responses, difficulty completing work or making decisions

  • Feeling worthless/guilt

  • Recurring suicidal thoughts/ self harm /attempts of suicide

  • irritability/anger


Causes:

The actual causes is not definitive but the risk factors are:

  • Genetic factors

  • Environmental factors

  • Psychological factors

  • Biological factors

  • Existing disorders

Treatment:

  • Psychotherapy

  • Medication

  • Cognitive behavioural therapy

  • Exercise

  • Brain stimulation therapies

Depression if diagnosed early can be quite beneficial for the individual since coping mechanisms make life for someone with depression much easier. Always remember, it’s okay to talk!

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