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A learning disability is an umbrella term for many types of disabilities. It describes learning and thinking differences that affect how the brain takes in and processes and sends out information. Children with learning disabilities might have trouble reading, writing or reasoning or organizing information. Children can have more than one of these learning disabilities. Learning disabilities should not be confused with other such disabilities like intellectual disability, autism, blindness, deafness or behavioral disorders. ADHD is an attention disorder that quite often occurs with learning disabilities but they’re not the same.

Around 5% to 9% of the population has a learning disability. Although learning disabilities cannot be fixed but with the right kind of support and encouragement children with these learning disabilities can succeed in life.

Learning disabilities therefore alter the functioning of the brain which interferes with higher level skills time planning, long term and short term memory besides the basic skills such as reading, writing or solving math.( this is called specific learning disabilities also known as LDs)


  • It can be caused due to genetic factors as it runs in the family

People with learning disabilities are usually smarter than their peers having average or above average intelligence.

The various types of Learning Disabilities are as follows

Dyscalculia :

Dyscalculia is a learning disability in which a person might have problems understanding math and understanding numbers.

Dyslexia :

Dyslexia is a language based learning disability where the person might have trouble understanding written words. (reading disability)

Dysgraphia :

This is a writing disability that affects a person's handwriting and motor skills making it difficult to write or form letters in a definitive space.

Non Verbal Learning Disabilities :

A person with these abilities might have trouble interpreting non verbal cues like facial expressions, signs and body languages.

Auditory and Visual Processing Disorders:

These are sensory disabilities where an individual might have trouble understanding languages even with normal hearing and vision.

Children who are in fact different can thrive given the right support. For that one needs to recognize what's going on with the child to seek for the right kind of assistance and talk to the teachers and doctors to make sure the child’s learning is not jeopardized.

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